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dc.contributor.authorAltamar Torres, Samuel Esteban
dc.contributor.authorCampo Rivas, Carlos Enrique
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-15T14:30:57Z
dc.date.available2020-12-15T14:30:57Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12442/6903
dc.description.abstractEntre las principales causas de enfermedad crónica no transmisible están los comportamientos sedentarios, definidos como las actividades en vigilia que no superan el gasto calórico y la frecuencia cardiaca basal, con poco impacto en la salud de las personas, entre estas actividades se cuentan leer y estar frente a pantallas (TV, computadores, celulares, videojuegos, entre otras); actualmente, las personas adultas dedican entre 4 y 7 horas al día a actividades sedentarias. Una de las consecuencias es el sobrepeso y la obesidad por el bajo gasto calórico al que se ven expuestas las personas, creando un desbalance entre la ingesta y el gasto. Se encontraron niveles altos de comportamientos sedentarios frente a pantallas, principalmente el uso de celulares y TV durante el confinamiento estricto por la pandemia COVID 19. Lo cual es preocupante dado que el comportamiento sedentario es un factor independiente de mayor morbilidad por enfermedad cardiovascular y mortalidad global. En diferentes estudios los participantes informaron estar sentados más de 8 horas al día frente a pantallas, estos incrementos afectan tanto la salud física como la salud mental de las personas; los autores explican que esta situación fue motivada por el cambio a trabajo remoto con aumento en el uso de las diferentes pantallas, es decir, la transición a entornos laborales o escolares virtuales limitó el tiempo para mantenerse activo físicamente. Las medidas de distanciamiento social por el Covid 19 se asociaron con Índices de Masa Corporal altos, repercutiendo directamente en la salud dada la relación entre gravedad por la enfermedad infecciosa y la obesidad de las personasspa
dc.description.abstractAmong the main causes of chronic non-communicable disease are sedentary behaviors, defined as waking activities that do not exceed caloric expenditure and basal heart rate, with little impact on people's health, these activities include reading and be in front of screens (TV, computers, cell phones, video games, among others); currently, adults dedicate between 4 and 7 hours a day to sedentary activities. One of the consequences is overweight and obesity due to the low caloric expenditure to which people are exposed, creating an imbalance between intake and expenditure. High levels of sedentary behaviors in front of screens were found, mainly the use of cell phones and TV during strict confinement due to the COVID 19 pandemic, which is worrisome given that sedentary behavior is an independent factor of greater morbidity from cardiovascular disease and global mortality. In different studies the participants reported sitting more than 8 hours a day in front of screens, these increases affect both the physical and mental health of people; The authors explain that this situation was motivated by the change to remote work with an increase in the use of different screens, that is, the transition to virtual work or school environments limited the time to be physically active. The measures of social distancing by Covid 19 were associated with high Body Mass Indices, having a direct impact on health given the relationship between severity due to infectious disease and obesity in people.eng
dc.format.mimetypepdfspa
dc.language.isospaspa
dc.publisherEdiciones Universidad Simón Bolívarspa
dc.publisherFacultad de Ciencias de la Saludspa
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectConducta sedentariaspa
dc.subjectÍndice de masa corporalspa
dc.subjectPandemiaspa
dc.subjectCOVID-19spa
dc.subjectSedentary behavioreng
dc.subjectBody mass indexeng
dc.subjectPandemiceng
dc.titleRelación entre el comportamiento sedentario y el IMC durante el tiempo de pandemia por COVID-19spa
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sb.sedeSede Barranquillaspa
sb.programaMaestría en Actividad Física y Saludspa
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccessspa
datacite.rightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_16ecspa
oaire.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/submittedVersionspa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesisspa
dc.type.spaTrabajo de grado másterspa


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